Dairy Veterinary Extension Programs
The Dairy Veterinary Extension Programs provide educational leadership and assistance to the Florida Dairy Industry in matters related to health and health management of dairy cattle.
Workshops offered at the University of Florida:
- Calving management workshop – The calving management workshop is offered every year in August. Dates may change depending on the year but will be available by July. Last year the workshop was held on August 18. You may view the Power Point slides of this lecture in English and Spanish. The workshop is focused on teaching best calving management practices to decrease stillbirth rates and improve calf and cow health. The workshop is team taught by Dr. Klibs Galvao from UF and Dr. Gustavo Schuenemann from The Ohio State University. Resident veterinarians and graduate students also get involved in the training. The workshop is divided into 1 hour of classroom lecture followed by 1.5 hours of hands-on practice of concepts learned. The hands-on portion is devoted to practicing common obstetrical maneuvers to correct problems with position and posture of calves. We use stillborn calves and phantom cows with fake uteri (view here) for the hands-on practice. Lunch is provided between the lecture and hands-on practice.
- Calf raising workshop – The calf raising workshop is offered every year in October. Dates may change depending on the year but will be available by September. You may view the Power Point slides of this lecture here. The workshop is focused on teaching best calf raising management practices to improve calf health. A lot of attention is given to colostrum management including quality testing, quantity, timing, and monitoring of adequate passive transfer. Traditional and accelerated feeding programs from birth to weaning are also extensively discussed. The workshop is taught by Dr. Klibs Galvao. Resident veterinarians and graduate students also get involved in the training. The workshop is divided into 1 hour of classroom lecture followed by 1.5 hours of hands-on practice of concepts learned. The hands-on portion is devoted to practicing the passing of an esophageal tube, use of refractometers to evaluate colostrum quality and passive transfer of immunity, and visiting the IFAS Dairy Unit calf facilities. Lunch is provided between the lecture and hands-on practice.
Training provided at your dairy
Drs. Carlos Risco and Klibs Galvao offer programs including employee training, herd evaluation and troubleshooting, and protocol development and implementation to Florida’s dairy farmers upon request. The only cost to Florida’s dairy farmers for these programs is transportation cost at $3.00/mile driven one way.
Employee training in the following areas:
- Calving management
- Newborn care and calf raising
- Identifying and treating sick animals
- Hoof health and hoof trimming
- Milking routine and milk quality
- Artificial insemination
- On-farm euthanasia
Each training session lasts about 1.5 hours, can be taught in English and/or Spanish, and include a PowerPoint Presentation followed by hands-on application of acquired knowledge.
Herd evaluation and troubleshooting in the following areas:
- Record analysis
- Reproductive performance
- Transition cow performance
- Milk production
- Welfare assessment
The herd evaluation can be performed in each area separately or as a whole herd evaluation. A complete herd evaluation would include record analysis and a walk through the feed commodities, transition cows monitoring (body condition score pre and postpartum, subclinical ketosis incidence, endometritis incidence), stocking density, and cow comfort.
Herd simulation for economic assessment:
Drs. Klibs Galvao, Paula Federico (Capital University), Albert De Vries, and Gustavo Schuenemann (The Ohio State University), developed an individual animal-based model to analyze production and reproduction parameters in dairy herds, and to aid in decision making (click here). Many factors influence the performance of dairy herds and, consequently, their profitability. With this model, we can compare the economic impact of any management changes to the lactating herd such as the use of different reproductive protocols, changes in milking frequency, use of sexed semen, method and timing of pregnancy diagnosis, use of feed additives or supplements, etc. Producers in Florida can contact Dr. Klibs Galvao (firstname.lastname@example.org) and producers in Ohio can contact Dr. Gustavo Schuenemann (Gustavo.Schuenemann@cvm.osu.edu) to have a simulation performed at no cost. Below are a couple of screen shots of the simulation model.
Protocol development and implementation:
- Standard operating procedures (SOP) development
- Reproductive programs including synchronization programs
- Vaccination programs for adult and young stock
- Herd health monitoring; diagnosis and treatment
- Management of down cows